AG60044: Advanced Groundwater Hydrology

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Course name Advanced Groundwater Hydrology
Offered by Agricultural & Food Engineering
Credits 4
L-T-P 3-1-0
Previous Year Grade Distribution


Semester Autumn

Syllabus[edit | edit source]

Syllabus mentioned in ERP[edit | edit source]

Fundamentals of Groundwater: Overview of groundwater problems, concept of effective porosity, storage coefficient, specific yield, fillable porosity and safe yield, primary and secondary porosity, homogeneity and isotropy, Darcy’s law and its validity, recharge estimation methods, overview of aquifer hydraulics. Environmental Impacts on Groundwater: Temporal variation of groundwater levels, groundwater-surface water interaction, evapotranspirative fluctuations, meteorological fluctuations, tidal fluctuations, impacts of urbanization, earthquakes and external loads on groundwater, land subsidence. Aquifer Tests and Parameter Estimation: Need of aquifer tests, type and design of aquifer tests, test procedures, merits and demerits of pumping test, steady and transient methods for determining aquifer parameters from pumping test data, recovery test, analysis of step-drawdown test data, overview of slug tests. Groundwater Quality and Contamination: Definitions, water-quality parameters and characteristics, monitoring of groundwater quality, water-quality criteria and standards, collection of groundwater samples, vadose zone monitoring, groundwater contamination, sources and causes of groundwater contamination, attenuation of groundwater contamination, groundwater restoration, case history, capture zone analysis. Seawater Intrusion: Occurrence, Ghyben-Herzberg relation, freshwater-saline water interface and transition zone, upconing of saline water intrusion, oceanic islands, karstic terrains, origin and movement of saline contamination, control of seawater intrusion, salient examples. Groundwater Modeling: Definitions and terms, model types, brief history of groundwater modeling, application of models in hydrogeology, data requirements for numerical modeling, modeling protocol, development of finite-difference and finite-element groundwater models, introduction to inverse modeling, overview of salient groundwater flow and transport software packages, salient case studies. Groundwater Management: Concepts of groundwater mining and sustainable groundwater management, ‘safe yield’ versus ‘sustainable yield’, definition and methods of artificial recharge, sources of recharge water, hydraulics and monitoring of artificial recharge, environmental impacts of artificial recharge projects, concept of SAT system and its utility, ASR technique, conjunctive use of surface water and groundwater, design, construction, operation and maintenance of injection wells and spreading basins, RS, GIS and MCDM techniques for groundwater management, selected case studies.

Concepts taught in class[edit | edit source]

Student Opinion[edit | edit source]

How to Crack the Paper[edit | edit source]

Classroom resources[edit | edit source]

Additional Resources[edit | edit source]

Time Table[edit | edit source]

Day 8:00-8:55 am 9:00-9:55 am 10:00-10:55 am 11:00-11:55 am 12:00-12:55 pm 2:00-2:55 pm 3:00-3:55 pm 4:00-4:55 pm 5:00-5:55 pm
Monday In Dept
Wednesday In Dept In Dept
Thursday In Dept